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Ella Kelly

Miravis Star Canola foliar fungicide

By South Stirlings

Objectives

  1. Evaluate Syngenta’s new foliar fungicide in canola, for the control of Sclerotinia.
  2. Compare and contrast with existing chemicals on the market.

Background

The trial was sown on the 25th of May in the South Stirlings region. A dry start to the season lead to a decile 1 year for disease and no Sclerotinia was detected at the site during the season.

PRE SEEDING

Early Knockdown -17/4/2020: Glyphosate 450 1.5L/ha, Oxyflurofen 240 EC 60ml/ha, Hammer 400 EC 15ml/ha, Kamba 750 200ml/ha, Wetter1000 0.2%, Ammonium Sulphate 1%.

Pre seeding knockdown- 27/4/2020: Glyphosate 450 1L/ha, Goal 60ml/ha, Hammer 400 EC 15ml/ha, Wetter1000 0.2%, Ammonium Sulphate 1%.

Immediately pre seeding – 25/5/2020: Glyphosate 450 1.5L/ha, Oxyflurofen 240 EC 60ml/ha, Hammer 400 EC 15ml/ha, Kamba 750 200ml/ha, Wetter1000 0.2%, Ammonium Sulphate 1%.

Early Nitrogen Application- 25/5/2020: 80L/ha Flexi-N

SEEDING

Seeding – 25/5/2020: Bonito Canola 3kg/ha, Double Phos 132kg/ha, Sulphate of potash 50kg/ha.

POST EMERGENT

Nitrogen Top-up- 24/6/2020: 80L/ha Flexi-N.

Treatment Sprays – 24/8/2020: as per treatment list.

Results

Yield (t/ha)

Photos

 

15 Days Post Spray

Control

Miravis Star 750ml/ha

Miravis star 1000ml/ha

Aviator Xpro 750ml/ha

Veritas 1000ml/ha

Prosaro 450ml/ha

Key Findings

  • No visible evidence of Sclerotinia, however Blackleg ( Leptosphaeria maculans) was visible throughout the trial.
  •  No significant yield difference between treatments although all treated plots had numerically higher yields than the control. This could be due to the presence of Blackleg causing a slight yield decrease in the untreated control.
  • No crop damage from any of the treatments.

ILeVo Blackleg seedling control in canola

By South Stirlings

Objective

To demonstrate BASF’s new canola blackleg seedling treatment, against existing treatments on the market.

Background

Blackleg, caused by the fungus Leptosphaeria maculans is one of the most serious diseases of canola in Western Australia. This trial was sown on the 25th of May, at a site with previous history of Blackleg, in the South Stirling region. A dry start to the season correlated to a decile 1 year for disease. The area finished with a GSR of 400ml with the first major rainfall event in August.

PRE SEEDING

Early Knockdown -17/4/2020: Glyphosate 450 1.5L/ha, Oxyflurofen 240 EC 60ml/ha, Hammer 400 EC 15ml/ha, Kamba 750 200ml/ha, Wetter1000 0.2%, Ammonium Sulphate 1%.

Pre seeding knockdown- 27/4/2020: Glyphosate 450 1L/ha, Goal 60ml/ha, Hammer 400 EC 15ml/ha, Wetter1000 0.2%, Ammonium Sulphate 1%.

Immediately pre seeding – 25/5/2020: Glyphosate 450 1.5L/ha, Oxyflurofen 240 EC 60ml/ha, Hammer 400 EC 15ml/ha, Kamba 750 200ml/ha, Wetter1000 0.2%, Ammonium Sulphate 1%.

Early Nitrogen Application- 25/5/2020: 80L/ha Flexi-N

SEEDING

Seeding – 25/5/2020: Bonito Canola 3kg/ha, Double Phos 132kg/ha, Sulphate of potash 50kg/ha.

POST EMERGENT

Nitrogen Top-up- 24/6/2020: 80L/ha Flexi-N

Results

Emergence Counts

Yield

Disease severity at two leaf crop stage

Internal infection at windrowing

Emergence photos

Maxim XL

Saltro Duo + Maxim XL

Control blackleg infection

Key Findings

  • Decile 1 year for disease meant that there was low disease pressure.
  • No blackleg at 2 leaf crop stage and in the upper canopy throughout crop growth.
  • Significant difference between treatments for internal infection at windrowing, with the Ilevo treatment reducing internal infection by 50% compared with the control, but was slightly less effective than Maxim XL and Saltro Duo.
  • No significant yield differences between treatments, however, Ilevo treated plots yielded the highest by 100kg/ha.

Barley Fungal Systems

By Fungicides, South Stirlings

Objectives

  1. Highlight the “do’s and don’ts” of fungicide use in barley.
  2. Demonstrate effective MOA rotations and mixes.
  3. Demonstrate effective seed treatments, Z32 foliar applications and Flag leaf applications.

Background

The trial was sown on the 25th of May in the South Stirlings region on a paddock that rotates barley and canola. In-furrow treatments were applied using a split boot system and the seeding depth was 20-30mm. A dry start to the season led to a decile one for disease in 2020. Low pressure combined with stressful crop conditions were not conducive for a fungal environment.

PRE SEEDING

Pre-seeding Knockdown – 5/5/2020: Glyphosate 1L/ha, Goal 60ml/ha, Hammer 400EC 15ml/ha, Wetter1000 0.2%, Ammonium Sulphate Herbicide Adjuvant.

Nitrogen- 15/5/2020: Flexi N 80L/ha.

Immediately Pre seeding – 15/5/2020: Paraquat 1L/ha, Treflan 2L/ha, Metribuzin 750WG 125g/ha, Conquest Alpha Forte 250 SC 40ml/ha.

Seed and In-furrow treatments 15/5/2020: As per trial design.

SEEDING 

Seeding- 15/5/2020: Barley RGT Planet 64kg/ha, Double Phos 132kg/ha, Sulphate of Potash 50kg/ha.

POST SEEDING 

Nitrogen Top-up- 24/6/2020 – Flexi N 80L/ha.

Z32 Application Sprays – 13/8/2020: As per design.

Z32 Bumper Spray – 17/8/2020: As per design.

Flag Leaf Application Sprays – 4/9/2020: As per design.

Results

Dots on the graphs represent data points from each replicate.

10 days post flag leaf sprays

Leaf infection rating (1-10)  12 WAS

Leaf infection rating (1-10) 20 WAS

Yield

Return on Investment and Yield

Photos

12WAS

20WAS

Control vs Bumper fb Bumper

Control vs Z31 Radial

Control vs Flagleaf Radial

Control vs Topnotch fb Radial

Control vs Flagleaf Aviator xpro

Control vs Topnotch fb Aviator Xpro

Control vs SD Systiva

Control vs Systiva fb Z31Radial

Control vs Systiva fb Flagleaf Radial

Control vs SD Systiva fb Topnotch  fb Radial

Control vs SD Systiva fb Topnotch fb Aviator Xpro

Control vs IF Uniform +  Vibrance

Control vs IF Uniform + Vibrance fb Radial

Control vs IF Uniform + Vibrance fb Flagleaf Radial

Control vs IF Uniform + Vibrance fb Topnotch fb Radial

Control vs IF Uniform + Vibrance fb Topnotch fb Aviator Xpro

Key Findings

  • A decile 1 year for disease resulted in no significant difference between treatments with respect to yield, however, there were numerical differences.
  • Conical snail damage late September, snails moving up the canopy and feeding on the upper leaves – were inverting the green leaf retention results.
  • SD Systiva 150ml/100kg fb Z31 Radial 600ml/ha was the most effective treatment, reducing infection of FL-2 by 18% compared to the control. However, this was not significantly different to most of the treatments (including the control) due to low disease pressure.
  • Z31 Topnotch 400ml/ha with SD Systiva fb FL Radial and Z31 Topnotch 400ml/ha with SD Systiva fb FL Aviator X-Pro reduced disease by 16% and 17% respectively compared to the control.
  • Level of disease pressure must be taken into account when deciding whether to use fungicides
  • This trial indicates the benefits of well-timed treatments. Be it seed treatment with a follow up spray or a Z31 foliar spray followed by a Flag leaf foliar spray.
  • Crops are generally considered at risk of yield loss when SFNB is easily found on all plants and the infection affects more than 10 per cent of the leaf area. Rainfall during late winter and spring favours SFNB infection and will increase potential losses. Therefore, the 2020 season is a prime example of when not to spray, in order to gain the most economic value from your crop and your system.

Seed applied treatment for the control of Crown rot in wheat

By Beacon, Fungicides

Pending registration, Syngenta’s new seed dressing is referred to as ‘SD’ throughout this document. 

Objectives

  1. How does Vibrance compare to standards in the control of crown rot?
  2. How does Syngenta’s new seed dressing (SD) compare to standards in the control of crown rot?
  3. How does Vibrance/Syngenta’s new seed dressing (SD) compare to standards in the control of crown rot?
  4. Are treatments safe to the crop?

Background

The trial was sown on the 19th of May in Beacon, WA. The site has a history of crown rot.

PRE-SEEDING 

Immidiately Pre-seeding – 19/5/2020: Treflan 1.5L, Ammonium sulphate 1%, Diuron 900 WDG 180g/ha, Sakura flow 210ml/ha, Pyrinex  super Insecticide 250ml/ha.

SEEDING

Seeding- 19/5/2020: Wheat Scepter 63kg/ha, Flexi N 40L/ha, K-Till Extra 48kg/ha.

Seed treatments: Applied 1 week prior to planting, as per design.

Results

Emergence ratings at assessments 14 & 28 DAS.

Crown to first node discoloration incidence and severity, percentage (%) of browning Mid grain fill (10/9/2020)

Crown discoloration incidence/plot 16 WAS

Yield

Key Findings

  •  Emergence counts conducted at 14 & 28 DAS saw no significant differences between treatments (P>0.05).
  • Crown to first node discoloration incidence and severity percentage ratings were low due to a lack of disease in the crop.
  • Crown discoloration was observed only in the untreated, Vibrance 360ml/100kg and Rancona Dimensions 320ml/100kg.
  • SD seed treatment stand alone at 1x, 2x and 3x rate as well as SD 1x + Vibrance all compared well to standards in the control of crown rot.
  • The addition of Vibrance to SD  improved disease control.

Emergence Photo’s 28DAS 24/6/2020

SSD 3xml/100kg

SSD 2xml/100kg

Untreated Control

Vibrance 360ml/100kg

Rancona Dimension 320ml/100kg

Evergol Energy 260ml/100kg

SSD 1xml/100kg

Vibrance + SSD 180ml + 1xml/100kg

Basal browning assessment 7/10/2020

Control vs Vibrance 360ml/100kg

Control vs Rancona Dimensions 320ml/100kg

Control vs Rancona Dimensions 320ml/100kg

Control vs Evergol Energy 260ml/100kg

Control vs  SSD 1x ml/100kg

Control vs SSD 2x ml/100kg

Control vs SSD 3x ml/100kg

Control vs Vibrance 180ml/100kg + SSD 1x ml/100kg

Wheat Stimulant Trial

By Dumbleyung Nutrition

Objectives

  1. To evaluate the efficacy of Active PRIME, Active BUILD and Active GrainFILL on seed germination, vigour,disease rating, grain yield and grain protein content in wheat.
  2. Evaluate the efficacy of Sabel-X seed treatment.
  3. Evaluate the efficacy of Bombardier applied in furrow and foliar.

Background

The trial was sown on the 2nd of June in Dumbleyung, WA, where the next major rain event recorded 20mm on the 18th of June. Seed treatments were applied to grain prior to seeding. Bombardier 2L/ha in furrow treatment went down with the flexi N and was placed 60mm below the seed. Seeding depth was 20mm. Foliar treatments were applied on the 30th of June.

PRE-SEEDING

Early Knockdown – 16/3/2020: Nufarm Weedmaster DST 1.5L/ha, Sharpen 20g/ha, Hasten 1%.

Pre-Seeding Knockdown – 19/5/20: Nufarm Weedmaster DST 1.L/ha, corteva Goal 60ml/ha, Hammer 15ml/ha, Wetter1000 0.2%, ammonium sulphate 1%.

Early Knockdown – 25/5/2020: Nufarm Weedmaster DST 1.5L/ha, Sharpen 20g/ha, Kamba 750 200ml/ha, Hasten 1%, Ammonium Sulphate 1%.

Early Nitrogen Application –  26/5/2020: CSBP Flexi N 80L/ha.

SEEDING

Seeding – 2/6/20: Wheat scepter 70kg/ha, Evergol Energy seed treatment 130ml/100kg, Double Phos 130kg/ha, Sulphate of Potash 50 kg/ha.

Seed & In furrow treatment applications – 2/6/20: As per design

POST-EMERGENT

Nitrogen Top-up – 10/7/20: CSBP Flexi N 80L/ha.

Radish & Fungal Control – 29/7/20:  BASF Opera Fungicide 500ml/ha, Triasulfuron 750 WG 8g/ha, Conquest Alpha Forte 60ml/ha, Pyrinex Super 150ml/ha, LVE MCPA 500ml/ha.

Foliar Treatment Applications – 29/7/20: as per trial design

Results

Emergence counts 29DAS

Vigour rating 1-100 scale 15DAAB. Relative scale compared to the highest rated plot

Green Seeker green leaf area readings

Yield

CBH receival standards

Photos

Control vs
Active Prime

Figure 1. Active Prime vs untreated control, assessed 2/7/2020.

Control vs
Sabel-X

Figure 2. Sabel-X vs untreated control, assessed 2/7/2020.

Bombardier In Furrow vs Control

Figure 3. Bombardier In Furrow vs untreated control, assessed 2/7/2020.

Active Build Vs Untreated control

Figure 4. Active Build vs untreated control, assessed 4/8/2020. 15 days post application.

Active Prime + Active build vs Untreated control

Figure 5. Active Prime + Build vs untreated control, assessed 4/8/2020. 15 days post application.

Sabel-X vs Untreated control

Figure 6. Sabel-X vs untreated control, assessed 4/8/2020.

Bombardier In furrow vs Untreated control

Figure 7. Bombardier in furrow vs untreated control, assessed 4/8/2020.

Bombardier Foliar vs Untreated control

Figure 7. Bombardier in furrow vs untreated control, assessed 4/8/2020. 15 days post application.

Key Findings

  • Sable-X 1.2g/kg and Bombardier 2L/ha in furrow caused significantly greater crop emergence than the untreated control.
  • Visual vigour ratings 15DAAB saw an increase of 5% in plant vigour of Bombardier 2L/ha; fb Bombardier 2L/ha and Bombardier 4L/ha respectively.
  •  No significant difference in yield between treatments compared to the control.
  • Sabel-X achieved 15.8% higher yields than control on average.
  • Early emergence and vigour ratings did not translate into yield increases for both Bombardier treatments.
  • Plants response to the N decreased in low rainfall.
  • Wheat yields were lower than expected, around 2.5 t/ha, as a result of low growing season rainfall.

Ultro Pre-emergent ARG Efficacy in Lupins

By Dumbleyung, Dumbleyung Pre-Emergent Herbicides

Company: ADAMA

Objective: Evaluate efficacy of ADAMA’s new pre-emergent herbicide Ultro, for the control of Annual Rye grass in Lupins.

PRE-SEEDING 

Early Knockdown – 23/3/20: Nufarm WeedMaster DST 1.5L/ha, BASF Sharpen 20g/ha, Kamba 750 200ml/ha, Hasten 1%, Ammonium Sulphate 1%.

Pre-seeding Knockdown – 4/6/2020: Nufarm WeedMaster DST 1.5L/ha, Corteva Goal 60ml/ha, Hammer 15ml/ha, Wetter1000 0.2%, Ammonium Sulphate 1%.

Immediately Pre-seeding 7/6/2020: Syngenta Paraquat 2L/ha, Hammer 20ml/ha, Conquest Alpha Forte 160ml/ha, Dicamba 125ml/ha.

Trial Treatment Applications – 7/6/2020: IBS as per trial design.

SEEDING 

Seeding – 7/6/2020: Narrow Leaf Lupins Jurien 100kg/ha, Double Phos 130kg/ha, Sulphate of Potash 100kg/ha, Alosca Dry Granular GS 10kg/ha, FMC Rovral Liquid Seed Dressing Fungicide 150ml/1000kg, Sumito Sumisclex Broadacre Fungicide 150ml/100kg, Impact Infurrow fungicide 400ml/ha.

POST-EMERGENT 

BLW control – 24/7/2020: Brodal Options Selective Herbicide 200ml/ha.

Results

Figure 1. Average percentage control of ARG in Lupins. Assessed 6WAS.

ARG & BLW Systems Demonstration

By BLW Post-emergent, Dumbleyung, Dumbleyung Post-Emergent Herbicides, Dumbleyung Pre-Emergent Herbicides

Company Design: Conquest

Objective: To demonstrate weed control efficacy and crop safety with Howitzer and new Group H chemistry, in pre and post-emergent crop settings.

PRE-SEEDING

Early Knockdown – 23/3/20: Nufarm Weedmaster DST 1.5L/ha, Hammer 15ml/ha, Nufarm Striker 60ml/ha, Corteva Garlon 80ml/ha, BS1000 0.2%, Ammonium Sukphate 1%.

Roundup Ready Canola Knockdown -14/4/20: BASF Sharpen 20g/ha, Nufarm Estercide 400ml/ha,  Hasten 1%.

Pre-seeding Knockdown – 23/4/20: Nufarm Weedmaster DST 1L/ha, Conquest Goal 60ml/ha, Hammer 15ml/ha, Wetter1000 0.2%, Ammonium Sulphate 1%.

Early Nitrogen Application – 3/6/20: CSBP Flexi N 80L/ha.

Immediately Pre-seeding – 3/6/20: Syngenta Paraquat 1L/ha, Conquest Alpha Forte 40ml/ha.

Treatment Applications – 3/6/20: IBS As per design.

SEEDING 

Seeding – 3/6/20: Wheat Scepter 70kg/ha, Double Phos 130kg/ha, Sulphate of Potash 50kg/ha, Evergol Energy seed treatment 130ml/100kg, Impact infurrow 400ml/ha.

POST EMERGENT

Nitrogen Top-up – 10/7/2020: CSBP Flexi N 80L/ha.

Treatment Applications – 14/8/2020: As per trial design.

Post-em Demo photo’s 14 DAA

Pre-em Demo photo’s 14 DAAB

Terrad’or Knockdown Herbicide

By Dumbleyung, Dumbleyung Knockdown Herbicides

Objective

Evaluate the performance and ease of use of Terrad’or compared to a commercial standard.

 

Background

The herbicide was sprayed on the 25th of August 2020 in Dumbleyung, WA. The site had heavy capeweed pressure (20 plants/m2), as well as marshmallow, annual ryegrass, barley grass, sub clover and other pasture varieties.

 

PRE-TRIAL SPRAYING

Early Knockdown 23/03/20 – NuFarm WeedMaster DST 1.5L/ha; FMC Hammer 15mL/ha; NuFarm Striker 60mL/ha; Corteva Garlon 80mL/ha; NuFarm BS1000 0.2%; Ammonium Sulphate 1%

SPRAYING

Treatment Sprays 25/08/20

Results

Capeweed brownout ratings 7 & 21 DAA

Annual ryegrass brownout ratings 7 & 21 DAA

Marshmallow brownout ratings 7 & 21 DAA

Photos

Replicate 1 aerial photograph at 29 DAA

Replicate 2 aerial photograph at 29 DAA

Control – Rep 1

0 DAA

7 DAA

21 DAA

Terrad’or 40g/ha,  Banjo 1% –  Rep 1

0 DAA

7 DAA

21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha – Rep 1

0 DAA

7 DAA

21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha, Terrad’or 20g/ha, Banjo 1% – Rep 1

0 DAA

7 DAA

21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha, Terrad’or 40g/ha, Banjo 1% – Rep 1

0 DAA

7 DAA

21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha, Nail600 15ml/ha, Banjo 1% – Rep 1

0 DAA

7 DAA

21 DAA

0 DAA

7 DAA

21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha, B-Power 100ml/ha, Banjo 1% – Rep 1

0 DAA

7 DAA

21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha, Sharpen 20g/ha, Banjo 1% – Rep 1

0 DAA

7 DAA

21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha, Ecopar 100ml/ha, Banjo 1% – Rep 1

0 DAA

7 DAA

21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha, Voraxor 100ml/ha, Banjo 1% – Rep 1

0 DAA

7 DAA

21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha, Voraxor 200ml/ha, Banjo 1% – Rep 1

0 DAA

7 DAA

21 DAA

 Voraxor 200ml/ha, Banjo 1% – Rep 1

0 DAA

7 DAA

21 DAA

Control – Rep 1

Marshmallow  0 DAA

Marshmallow  7 DAA

Marshmallow  21 DAA

Ryegrass  0 DAA

Ryegrass  7 DAA

Ryegrass  21 DAA

Cape weed  0 DAA

Cape weed  7 DAA

Cape weed  21 DAA

Terrad’or 40g/ha; Banjo 1%V/V – Rep 1

Marshmallow  0 DAA

Marshmallow  7 DAA

Marshmallow  21 DAA

Ryegrass  0 DAA

Ryegrass  7 DAA

Ryegrass  21 DAA

Cape weed  0 DAA

Cape weed  7 DAA

Cape weed  21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha – Rep 1

Marshmallow  0 DAA

Marshmallow  7 DAA

Marshmallow  21 DAA

Ryegrass  0 DAA

Ryegrass  7 DAA

Ryegrass  21 DAA

Cape weed  0 DAA

Cape weed  7 DAA

Cape weed  21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha, Terrad’or 20g/ha, Banjo 1%V/V – Rep 1

Marshmallow  0 DAA

Marshmallow  7 DAA

Marshmallow  21 DAA

Ryegrass  0 DAA

Ryegrass  7 DAA

Ryegrass  21 DAA

Cape weed  0 DAA

Cape weed  7 DAA

Cape weed  21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha, Terrad’or 40g/ha, Banjo 1%V/V – Rep 1

Marshmallow  0 DAA

Marshmallow  7 DAA

Marshmallow  21 DAA

Ryegrass  0 DAA

Ryegrass  7 DAA

Ryegrass  21 DAA

Cape weed  0 DAA

Cape weed  7 DAA

Cape weed  21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha; Nail600 15mL/ha; Banjo 1%V/V – Rep 1

Marshmallow  0 DAA

Marshmallow  7 DAA

Marshmallow  21 DAA

Ryegrass  0 DAA

Ryegrass  7 DAA

Ryegrass  21 DAA

Cape weed  0 DAA

Cape weed  7 DAA

Cape weed  21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha; Nail600 30 mL/ha; Banjo 1%V/V – Rep 1

Marshmallow  0 DAA

Marshmallow  7 DAA

Marshmallow  21 DAA

Ryegrass  0 DAA

Ryegrass  7 DAA

Ryegrass  21 DAA

Cape weed  0 DAA

Cape weed  7 DAA

Cape weed  21 DAA

 Crucial 1.3L/ha; B-Power 100mL/ha; Banjo 1%V/V – Rep 1

Marshmallow  0 DAA

Marshmallow  7 DAA

Marshmallow  21 DAA

Ryegrass  0 DAA

Ryegrass  7 DAA

Ryegrass  21 DAA

Cape weed  0 DAA

Cape weed  7 DAA

Cape weed  21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha; Sharpen 20g/ha; Banjo 1%V/V  – Rep 1

Marshmallow  0 DAA

Marshmallow  7 DAA

Marshmallow  21 DAA

Ryegrass  0 DAA

Ryegrass  7 DAA

Ryegrass  21 DAA

Cape weed  0 DAA

Cape weed  7 DAA

Cape weed  21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha; Ecopar 100mL/ha; Banjo 1%V/V – Rep 1

Marshmallow  0 DAA

Marshmallow  7 DAA

Marshmallow  21 DAA

Ryegrass  0 DAA

Ryegrass  7 DAA

Ryegrass  21 DAA

Cape weed  0 DAA

Cape weed  7 DAA

Cape weed  21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha; Voraxor 100mL/ha; Banjo 1%V/V- Rep 1

Marshmallow  0 DAA

Marshmallow  7 DAA

Marshmallow  21 DAA

Ryegrass  0 DAA

Ryegrass  7 DAA

Ryegrass  21 DAA

Cape weed  0 DAA

Cape weed  7 DAA

Cape weed  21 DAA

Crucial 1.3L/ha; Voraxor 200mL/ha; Banjo 1%V/V- Rep 1

Marshmallow  0 DAA

Marshmallow  7 DAA

Marshmallow  21 DAA

Ryegrass  0 DAA

Ryegrass  7 DAA

Ryegrass  21 DAA

Cape weed  0 DAA

Cape weed  7 DAA

Cape weed  21 DAA

Voraxor 200mL/ha; Banjo 1%V/V- Rep 1

Marshmallow  0 DAA

Marshmallow  7 DAA

Marshmallow  21 DAA

Ryegrass  0 DAA

Ryegrass  7 DAA

Ryegrass  21 DAA

Cape weed  0 DAA

Cape weed  7 DAA

Cape weed  21 DAA

Key Findings

  • Terrad’or had higher burnout for a longer period compared to the commercial standard
  • Terrad’or treatments had the fastest brownout (noticeable from 3 days after application)
  • At mixing, Terrad’or granules started dispersing prior to agitation

REFLEX Efficacy and Crop Safety

By Dumbleyung, Dumbleyung Pre-Emergent Herbicides

Objectives

  1. How does the efficacy and crop safety of Reflex applied alone and in the various mixes compare to the local standard?
  2. How does the addition of a mix partner to Reflex compare to Reflex applied alone with respect to efficacy and crop safety?

Background

Relfex was trialled for broadleaf weed control in lupins. The trial was sown on the 7th of June in Dumbleyung, WA. Wild Radish Raphanus raphanistrum and volunteer Bonito Canola were spread prior to spraying IBS treatments, to mimic a medium-high weed burden of approximately 8 plants/m2. The GSR was 240ml.

PRE-SEEDING 

Early Knockdown – 23/3/20: Nufarm WeedMaster DST 1.5L/ha, BASF Sharpen 20g/ha, Kamba 750 200ml/ha, Hasten 1%, Ammonium Sulphate 1%.

Pre-seeding Knockdown – 4/6/2020: Nufarm WeedMaster DST 1.5L/ha, Corteva Goal 60ml/ha, Hammer 15ml/ha, Wetter1000 0.2%, Ammonium Sulphate 1%.

Immediately Pre-seeding 7/6/2020: Syngenta Paraquat 2L/ha, Hammer 20ml/ha, Conquest Alpha Forte 160ml/ha, Dicamba 125ml/ha.

Trial Treatment Applications – 7/6/2020: IBS as per trial design

SEEDING 

Seeding – 7/6/2020: Narrow Leaf Lupins Jurien 100kg/ha, Double Phos 130kg/ha, Sulphate of Potash 100kg/ha, Alosca Dry Granular GS 10kg/ha, FMC Rovral Liquid Seed Dressing Fungicide 150ml/1000kg, Sumito Sumisclex Broadacre Fungicide 150ml/100kg, Impact Infurrow fungicide 400ml/ha.

Trial Treatment Applications – 7/6/2020: PSPE as per trial design

POST-EMERGENT 

Grass control – 24/7/2020: Conquest Nitro Clethodim 400ml/ha, Factor 120g/ha, Hasten 1%.

Trial Treatment Applications – 30/7/2020: Post-emergent as per trial design

Results

Treatment percentage control ratings of Radish, assessed at 3 WAS and 6 WAS.

Treatment percentage control ratings of Radish, final assessment

Photos

9.9.2020

Reflex 1500ml/ha; Metribuzin 300g/ha IBS

Reflex 1000ml/ha; Metribuzin 300g/ha IBS; Diflufenican 200g/ha POST

Reflex 1250ml/ha PSPE

Untreated control

Reflex 1000ml/ha; Metribuzin 300g/ha IBS

Reflex 1000ml/ha; Simazine 1000g/ha IBS

CODED

Reflex 1000ml/ha IBS

Reflex 1500ml/ha IBS

Simazine 1000g/ha; Metribuzin 300g/ha IBS Diflufenican 200g/ha POST

Simazine 1000g/ha; Metribuzin 300g/ha IBS

Reflex 1000ml/ha PSPE

27.8.20

Untreated Control

Reflex 1000ml/ha IBS

Reflex 1500ml/ha IBS

Reflex 1000ml/ha PSPE

Reflex 1250ml/ha PSPE

Reflex 1000ml/ha; Simazine 1000g/ha IBS

Reflex 1000ml/ha; Metribuzin 300g/ha IBS

Reflex 1500ml/ha; Metribuzin 300g/ha IBS

Simazine 1000g/ha; Metribuzin 300g/ha IBS

CODED

Simazine 1000g/ha; Metribuzin 300g/ha IBS Diflufenican 200g/ha POST

Reflex 1000ml/ha; Metribuzin 300g/ha IBS; Diflufenican 200g/ha POST

Key Findings

  • All treatments containing Relfex IBS or PSPE provided significantly better control of broadleaf weeds.
  • No significant difference between plots applied IBS or PSPE.
  • Reflex tank mixed with a group C increased efficacy and residual control for up to 11 weeks after sowing.
  • Reflex 1500ml + Metribuzin 300g/ha had best residual control (96.3%) at 11WAS.
  • No crop effect was seen after IBS or PSPE application.
  • As a new group G herbicide, Reflex will go a long way to help growers control brassica weeds and rotate away from the ‘imi’ chemistry that has been heavily relied on over the years.

Mateno®️ Complete : Control of grass and broadleaf weeds in wheat

By Dumbleyung, Dumbleyung Pre-Emergent Herbicides

Company: Bayer

 Registration expected for ~2022. New mode of action suited to stubble retained systems. Likely: Flexibility to apply IBS or early post emergent with activity on a range of grass and broadleaf weeds.

 

Background:

The Mateno Complete trial was established at the David Grays AgroAdvantage trial site in Dumbleyung, WA. Herbicide applications included Incorporated by sowing (IBS) treatments, applied the same day as sowing with good incorporation and soil throw. The next main rain event occurred on the 17/18th June with 20mm recorded at the site using a field centric weather station. Wild Radish Raphanus raphanistrum and volunteer Bonito Canola were spread prior to spraying IBS treatments, to mimic a medium-high weed burden of approximately 8 plants/m2 (90% germ test). Mateno complete contains active ingredients; Diflufenican, Pyroxasulfone and a new MOA Aclinofen. Chemical groups F, K with Aclinofen to be decided.

 

 

Objective:

1. Demonstrate the crop safety of Mateno Complete in wheat when used as an IBS or EPE application.
2. Demonstrate the efficacy of Mateno Complete  on a range of weed species.
3. Compare Mateno Complete  to key competitors for crop safety and weed control.

PRE-SEEDING

Early knockdown – 16/3/2020: Nufarm WeedMaster DST 1.5L/ha, Sharpen 20g/ha, Hasten 1%, Ammonium Sulphate 1%.

Early knockdown – 23/3/2020: Nufarm WeedMaster DST 1.5/ha, Sharpen 20g/ha, Kamba 750 200ml/ha, Hasten 1%, Ammonium Sulphate 1%.

Pre-seeding Knockdown 19/5/2020: Nufarm WeedMaster DST 1/ha, Sharpen 20g/ha, Hasten 1%, Ammonium Sulphate 1%

Early nitrogen Application 4/6/2020: Flexi N 80L/ha

Immediately Pre-seeding Wheat – 4/6/2020: ADAMA Spray Top 1L/ha, Conquest Alpha Forte 250 SC 40ml/ha

SEEDING

Seeding – 4/6/2020: Wheat- Scepter 70kg/ha, Double Phos 150kg/ha, Sulphate of Potash 50kg/ha, Evergol Energy seed treatment 130ml/100kg, Impact infurrow fungicide 400ml/ha.

POST- EMERGENT

EPE Treatment Applications – 8/7/2020: as per design.

Nitrogen Top-up – 10/7/2020: Flexi N 80L/ha.

Results

Figures followed by the same letter are not considered to be statistically different (p=0.05), for example a control rating of 90 bc is considered statistically different to 95a but not to a control rating of 87 bcd. A ‘- ‘symbol identifies no significant difference between treatments. All results have been analysed through ARM software.

LOLMG = Annual Ryegrass

RAPRA = Wild Radish

BRSRC = Volunteer Canola

Percentage Average Weed Control 28DAAB

Figure 1. Percentage average control of Annual Ryegrass, Wild Radish and Volunteer canola. Assessed 28 days post EPE applications (48 days post sowing and IBS applications).

Weed counts 28DAAB

Figure 2. Average weed counts/m2 of Annual Ryegrass, Wild Radish and Volunteer canola. Assessed 28 days post EPE applications (48 days post sowing and IBS applications).

Weed counts 28DAAB

Pannicle counts 112 DAAB

Figure 3. Pannicle counts of annual rye grass, conducted 16 WAAB

Percentage control ratings 112 DAAB

Figure 4. Percentage control ratings of annual ryegrass and wild radish 112 DAAB.

Yield (t/ha)

Figure 5. Average yield data across four replicates, expressed as t/ha.

Key Findings

IBS

  • Mateno Complete applied IBS had some activity on BLW also. 50-60%.
  • Mateno Complete performed significantly (P<0.05) higher than all other grass herbicides.
  • > 16 weeks residual effect on IBS applied plots.
  • No significant difference between Mateno low and high rates (P=0.05).
  • Good crop saftey.

EPE

  • Rapid burn down of 2-4 leaf BLW.
  • 16 weeks residual EPE applied plots.
  • Grass herbicide applied up front followed by Mateno EPE provided best control of both weed types.
  • No significant difference between Mateno low (750ml/ha) and high (1L/ha) rates (P=0.05).
  • Trifluralin fb Mateno low and high rates, Avadex fb Mateno performed equally as well.
  • Matching pre and EPE treatments together will provide best outcome for weed control and MOA rotation.
  • Transient crop bleaching due to Diflufenican (group F).

Photos 29/7/2020 28DAAB

Control

Triflur X 2L/ha

Sakura Flow 0.21 L/ha

Boxer Gold 2.5L/ha

Luximax 500ml/ha

Mateno Complete 750ml/ha

Mateno Complete 1L/ha

TriflurX 2L/ha fb Mateno Complete 750ml/ha EPE

Avadex Xtra 2L/ha fb Mateno Complete 1L/ha EPE

Mateno Complete L/ha EPE